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Every year, around 400 million people worldwide are infected with the dengue virus from mosquito bites. The most common regions of the outbreak are Southeast Asia, the Western Pacific, the Eastern Mediterranean, the Americas, the Caribbean, and Africa.

The most common symptoms of dengue are:

  • Headache
  • Eye discomfort
  • Joint, bone, or muscle pain
  • Rash
  • Nausea and vomiting

Whereas, the most severe symptoms of dengue are:

  • Tenderness in the stomach or belly
  • Vomiting (at least 3 times in 24 hours)
  • Nose bleeding
  • Vomiting blood or passing blood in the stool
  • Feeling tired, restless, or irritable

If you experience any of the severe symptoms stated above, please rush to emergency!

There is no medicine to cure dengue. Hence, we should protect ourselves from the virus through these steps:

1. Always wear a mosquito repellent indoors and outdoors

Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents with one of the active ingredients stated below! These ingredients are safe and effective even for pregnant and breastfeeding women. Do not use repellant near the eyes, nose, mouth or cuts. If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and insect repellent second.

  • DEET
  • Picaridin (known as KBR 3023 and icaridin outside the US)
  • IR3535
  • Oil of lemon eucalyptus (OLE)
  • Para-menthane-diol (PMD)
  • 2-undecanone

2. Wear light coloured, long-sleeved shirts and pants

Treat clothing and gear with 0.5% permethrin or buy permethrin-treated clothing and gear. Permethrin is an insecticide that can either kill or repel mosquitos. Additionally, Clothing treated with permethrin provides protection even after multiple washings. Wear full sleeved clothing to cover your skin properly.

3. Use mosquito nets on open doors and windows

Use air-conditioned and screened rooms to repel mosquitoes. If not available, sleep under mosquito nets. Choose a mosquito net that is compact, white, rectangular, and long enough to tuck under the mattress. Nets treated with permethrin offer greater protection than untreated nets.

4. Don’t leave water uncovered as mosquitos lay eggs near water

Prevent mosquito eggs from being laid in or near water. Empty, turn over, cover, or throw away items that hold water once a week, such as tyres, buckets, planters, toys, pools, birdbaths, flowerpots, or trash cans. Moreover, look for water-holding containers both inside and outside.

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